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Terms of Reference for Pillar 1 Trade SWAP Team
RGC’s Trade SWAp Formulation: Context
The Royal Government of Cambodia has decided to introduce a Sector-Wide Approach (SWAp) to the development of its Trade Sector (Trade SWAp.) The Trade SWAp is lead by the Ministry of Commerce in close cooperation with other line Ministries, Cambodian Trade Stakeholders and Development Partners. The Trade SWAp is to be guided and monitored by the Sub-Steering Committee on Trade Development and Trade-Related Investment chaired by the Ministry of Commerce.
To prepare the Trade SWAp program, the Sub-Steering Committee on Trade Development and Trade-Related Investment has endorsed the creation of three teams responsible for formulating the three “pillars” of the program aimed at implementing the broad objectives of the Cambodia’s 2007 Trade Integration Strategy (DTIS 2007.) The three pillars are:
- Legal Reform and Cross-Cutting Issues
- Product and Service Export Sectors Development
- Capacity Development for Trade
Each “pillar” team is to include government officials from MoC and line Ministries, other Cambodian Stakeholders, and Development Partners. Each team is led by a Government Team Leader and a Development Partner “Shepherd.” Team Leaders and Shepherds are supported by Alternates. Implementation of the three pillars, once formulated, will involve not only the Ministry of Commerce but also other line Ministries and Cambodian stakeholders as pertinent.
Pillar 1: “Legal Reform and Cross-Cutting Issues”
Pillar 1 design team is responsible for assisting the Sub-Steering Committee in formulating the objectives, outputs, and monitoring indicators (including JMIs) as well as identifying any relevant support required, including existing Government resources and Trade Related Technical Assistance as well as possible resource gaps (human, institutional and financial gaps) of the Trade SWAp. In fulfilling its task, the pillar 1 team will take account of the adjustment costs facing Cambodia and will ensure that proposals to deal with these costs are developed. Initially pillar one will is to focus on the following areas:
- Completion of the RGC’s Work Program for Legal Reform being implemented under the aegis of the Think-Tank on Legal Reform
- Progress on improving and simplifying Trade Facilitation procedures for Cambodian exporters and importers in a manner that can assist Cambodian producers in becoming more competitive, including through appropriate legislation and institutional arrangements
- Progress in assisting Cambodian producers in being more competitive by meeting the technical standards and technical barriers to trade (TBT) of importing markets, including through appropriate legislation and governmental and private sector institutional arrangements
- Progress in assisting Cambodian producers in being more competitive by meeting the sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards (SPS standards) of importing markets, including through appropriate legislation and governmental and private sector institutional arrangements
- Development of Packaging, Bar Coding and other systems required to assist Cambodian exporters in meeting the requirements of importing markets in areas of packaging, traceability and related matters
- Strengthening of the Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) capacity of Cambodian exporters in all areas of IPRs including areas of branding, trademarks, geographical indications that might be of most immediate benefits to those exporters
- Progress on improving and simplifying Investment for Trade Facilitation procedures for investors interested in developing Cambodian export in a manner that can assist Cambodia in attracting new investment and in ensuring that those new exporters are competitive, including through appropriate legislation and institutional arrangements
- Any other legal and institutional arrangements that cutsarrangements that cut across many or all export sectors and that may have a direct positive impact on strengthening the competitiveness of Cambodian exporters.
Officials from MoC, line Ministries, and other Cambodian Trade Stakeholders designated to participate in the Pillar must be well informed about the issues that will be discussed and possibly programmed in the Pillar. Accordingly, they must be able to present in an informed manner the work of their institution in the areas discussed in this Pillar, they must understand the current and potential contribution of their own institution to the Pillar’s program areas, and they must be able to report to and validate with their own institution the discussions taking place in the Pillar. Concerned Ministries and Cambodian Trade Stakeholders associated with the Pillar will be directly involved in implementing in various capacities some of the objectives identified in the Pillar following the Trade SWAp formulation. Accordingly, they have a direct stake in contributing to the quality of the program that will be formulated by the Pillar.