កម្មវិធីគាំទ្រអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ពាណិជ្ជកម្ម

TRADE DEVELOMENT SUPPORT PROGRAM
PROJECT DESCRIPTION

A. Financing Instrument

1. The TDSP is prepared as an ‘investment lending’ operation and appraised following World Bank Specific Investment Loan (SIL) guidelines. The TDSP itself will be structured to finance activities in trade-related agencies, with overall management by the Ministry of Commerce. The allocation would be based on Annual Operational Plans (AOPs) derived from the Trade SWAp, hence aligning with the RGC’s trade strategy and with its support from other DPs. The TDSP would provide a flexible financing instrument promoting incremental progress towards the goals of a SWAp in cooperation with other DPs. The TDSP would be financed from resources mobilized through the MDTF, which is a multi donor trust fund administered by the World Bank (Annex 6).

2. The initial allocation to the TDSP is US$12.60 million (US$12.35 million from MDTF and US$0.25 represents counterpart funding) to be implemented over 3 years and 3 months.

A. Project development objective and key indicators

3. The Trade SWAp’s objective is to support the implementation of key recommendations of the DTIS that aims to develop and diversify exports, and maximize the contribution of trade to growth and poverty reduction. DP support provided to the Government for its implementation of the DTIS would aim to follow common arrangements, set out in Partnership Principles agreed with the RGC.

4. The TDSP’s development objective is to increase RGC’s efficiency in formulating and implementing effective trade policies. This is expected to lead to transparent and effective trade-related transactions, export competitiveness, and growth. The TDSP’s focus is on establishing an enabling environment that maximizes the impact of, and reduces the risk to, other sector- and product-specific trade promotion and development activities.

 

The TDSP Steering Committee, with the support of the TDSP Implementation Committee, would be responsible for assuring that progress towards the PDO continues to be achieved.

 

PDO

Project Outcome Indicators

Use of Project Outcome Information

The objective of the TDSP is to increase RGC’s efficiency in formulating and implementing effective trade policies

Regular practice of a streamlined, RGC-led process for consultation and financing between RGC policy-makers and implementing agencies and between RGC and donors, and satisfactory progress in implementing the Trade SWAp as evidenced by Annual Performance Reviews and third-party analysis  

Supports formulation and implementation of PSD and broader trade related policies and programs that may be covered in the Trade SWAp

 

Intermediate Outcomes

Intermediate Outcome Indicators

Use of Intermediate Outcome Monitoring

1. Trade Policy Formulation and Implementation

 

 

1a. Sustained progress in trade policy formulation and implementation in the areas of SPS and TBT

 

(i) Increased coverage of sanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) regulations and support services

(ii) Improved compliance with WTO agreement on technical barriers to trade (TBT)

(iii) Evidence of increased clarity / rationalization in institutional responsibilities for SPS and TBT

Provides guidance to the development of longer term sustainable institutions, promoting trade and economic diversification

1b. Sustained progress in trade policy formulation and implementation in the area of trade facilitation ( “12 Point Action Plan” and its successors)

(i) Evidence of satisfactory progress in the 12 point action plan (and its successors)

(ii) Proportion of containers physically open (%)

(iii) Average time for imports / exports (days)

Supports and informs continuing development of overall trade and poverty reduction programs

1c. Sustained progress in trade policy formulation and implementation in the area of legal reform and other WTO obligations

Evidence of higher compliance of Cambodia legal framework with WTO obligations

Supports and informs continuing development of overall trade and poverty reduction programs

2. Increased transparency and user feedback mechanisms on trade-related processes

A transparent, consistent and sustained trade monitoring system grants regular access to trade information by stakeholders

Informs Annual Performance Reviews, contributes to improved trade development climate and general investment climate and feeds back into policy design

3. Strengthened institutional and human capacity in MoC, and other trade-related agencies

Increased efficiency and effectiveness of functions performed in critical MoC departments and targeted agencies

Facilitates reform management and mobilizing support for Trade SWAp

5. The TDSP’s impact on overall DTIS implementation will be evaluated through indicators capturing evidence of improved policy, planning, and implementation (including development and use of a monitoring and evaluation framework to improve planning and management); broad commitment and ownership of the sector-wide process; and progress in DTIS implementation (Annex 3). The TDSP will in particular support the development and implementation of a sound results framework for the overall Trade SWAp.

C. Project components

6. The TDSP would have four components supporting the implementation of the Trade SWAp. Component 1 would mainly support the first pillar on cross-cutting reforms. Components 2 and 3 would support the third pillar on capacity. All three components would give priorities to reform and capacity development that would enable growth in the priority sectors identified in the DTIS and supported by the second pillar of the Trade SWAp. Component 4 seeks to build implementation capacity for the TDSP and, by extension, the Trade SWAp.

Component 1: Trade Policy Formulation and Implementation

Component 1a: Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS)

7. This first sub-component will support activities to accelerate the implementation of Government’s commitments in the area of SPS and TBT. Most of the products identified as high export potential by the DTIS 2007 are SPS sensitive and both SPS and TBT are increasingly important and challenging for Cambodian exporters. The initial set of activities agreed responds to a demand formulated by the private sector to document and disseminate standards and certification mechanisms already available to Cambodian firms and to provide support for the garment industry to access European markets. Activities beyond the first year, to be included in AOPs, could include the following: review of the law on industrial standards and related implementing regulations to become WTO compliant; financial support for new exporters or SMEs to meet SPS and TBT requirements; support to establish the necessary regulations on food safety and secure necessary training; strengthen capacity for quality-related testing and metrology, support the implementation of fishery certification to access international markets; and training in Integrated Pest Management to strengthen RGC’s capacity to undertake risk assessment.

Component 1b: Trade Facilitation

8. This second subcomponent will support activities to accelerate the implementation of the 12-point Action Plan on Trade Facilitation. This will lead to increased transparency in trade-related transactions and export competitiveness. An initial set of activities has been agreed and includes: (i) training on risk management and setting-up of Risk Management Unit in trade-related agencies (other than the Customs and Excise Department, which created such unit in 2007); (ii) private sector outreach on risk management (building on the computerization of customs through ASYCUDA, which is financed by an IDA grant); and (iii) technical assistance to design a WTO-compatible Flat Fee for Services. Activities beyond the first year, to be included in AOPs, could include the following: full automation of trade-related agencies and improving their readiness to communicate with ASYCUDA; assessment of process re-engineering efforts in trade-related agencies; implementation of a WTO-compatible Flat Fee for Services; further private sector outreach programs including on repercussions for the private sector of the implementation of reform in e.g. trade facilitation and SPS, and on good corporate governance.

Component 1c: Other Legal Reforms and RGC WTO Obligations

9. This third sub-component will support activities to accelerate the implementation of other Government’s commitments to the WTO, in particular the legal reform agenda that resulted from WTO accession. The RGC has defined a WTO work-program at the time of WTO accession and progress under this program has been updated over time. Activities to be included in AOPs could include the following: support to drafting and implementing specific laws in the legal reform agenda; development and implementation of intellectual property rights framework; and trade-related investment promotion.

Component 2: Performance Monitoring

10. This second component will support activities to develop a transparent, consistent, and sustainable performance monitoring system. As part of the 12-point action plan, the RGC agreed to establish a performance monitoring system to monitor progress accurately, engender trust of all stakeholders in the reform, and report progress to the public. The TDSP will complement World Bank’s work on improving the investment climate assessment, time release studies, assistance in implementing/improving internal time tracking systems in various trade-related agencies. This system will report the time and cost of importing and exporting products, track changes in barriers to export diversification, and include monitors from the private sector. Priorities in this component will be driven by the design of the Trade SWAp’s results framework.

Component 3: Institutional and Human Capacity

11. This third component will support the development of strengthened institutional and human capacity. The proposed TDSP will build institutional and human capacity in Cambodia through equipping RGC staff with appropriate skills and experience to implement RGC trade policies. This component will include individual (e.g. training) and institutional (e.g. organizational reviews) capacity-building efforts, as well as salary supplements in the form of the Merit-Based Performance Incentive (MBPI). The initial set of activities agreed will focus: (i) preparation of capacity needs assessment and support to training on basic functions (management, human resources, budgeting, etc) in trade-related agencies; (ii) preparation of Public Finance Management Action Plan for MoC; (iii) support to the ongoing Trade SWAp programming (including preparation and implementation of communication / awareness strategy); and (iv) design of the MBPI. Activities beyond the first year, to be included in AOPs, could include the following: implementation of MBPI; demand-driven training and capacity building efforts; strengthening of human resource and public financial management functions in trade-related agencies. A cap of US$500,000 has been agreed for annual resources to be potentially allocated to the MBPI.

Component 4: Implementation Support to the TDSP

12. Finally, a component will support the development of the Ministry of Commerce’s (and its Department for International Cooperation, D/ICO) implementation capacity to act as a Secretariat for the Trade SWAp and program manager for the TDSP. This will include support to assist it in meeting its fiduciary responsibilities. This will also support other departments’ and agencies’ capacity in implementing the TDSP.

 

Read more...











ស្ថិតិអ្នកចូលទស្សនា

  • 13
  • 136
  • 676
  • 8024
  • 465882